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Cyber security is the practice of reducing the risk of cyber attacks, which pose a threat to computers, servers, mobile phones, electronic systems and networks. Also known as Information Technology Security, or Electronic Information Security, it is broadly split into three ‘pillars’; people, processes and technology, which are all used to defend against cyber threats.
So what’s the purpose of these threats? Cyber attacks are usually intended to access, change or destroy sensitive information and data, disrupt regular business processes, and sometimes steal money, objects or identity from individuals or more commonly, organisations. Companies need cyber security in place to protect themselves from such attacks.
Because digital products (computers, smartphones, and so on) now play such a central role in our day-to-day and working lives, cyber security is crucial to everyone; from individuals looking to look after their online identity, to businesses needing to preserve important information like personal, financial and medical records.
For businesses, cyber attacks can be damaging to reputation as well as revenue; and are a major concern for business of all sizes, and across various industries. As these cyber security attacks continue to grow and become more sophisticated, cyber security programmes must adapt and expand accordingly.
The following guide explains cyber security for businesses; including different types of cyber threats, the potential threats of cyber attacks on businesses, and advice on creating an effective cyber security prevention strategy for startups, SME’s and large businesses.
Cyber attacks can take many different forms; and it’s important that your business is protected against all of them, no matter what size. The 3 main types of cyber threats are fairly well-documented:
Phishing – Phishing is a type of social engineering attack, that is sent through an email or text message. It is used to steal user data; login details, credit card numbers and so on.
Ransomware – Ransomware is a type of software used to deny access to a computer system or specific data until a ransom, usually monetary, is paid.
Malware – Malicious software (‘malware’) is a program or a file that is harmful to a computer user; including viruses, spyware, and Trojan horses.
The most common cyber security threats that affect modern businesses are:
And these threats can take the form of:
Financial losses from stolen information – Financial losses could result from the theft of bank details, money or financial information from the company
Financial losses from the disruption of normal business practices – If someone has carried out a ransomware or malware attack that prevents your business from selling or operating online, your company may face huge financial losses
Financial losses from repairing systems – If your systems have all been affected or data has been compromised, there may be huge costs involved in getting them back up and running again
Financial losses from fines – If personal data is lost through a cyber attack, your business could face huge fines, due to data protection and privacy laws which would have been compromised
Loss of information – Stolen information can be hugely damaging to companies. A virus or malware can erase or overwrite data in your database, potentially losing years of information
Reputation damage – As well as being costly, compromising customer data can reflect poorly on your company and come at a devastating cost to customer loyalty. Were you doing enough to keep customers’ personal information safe?
Good cyber security practices, and an understanding of the key cybersecurity basics, help businesses to prevent and respond to digital attacks quickly and effectively.
It is essential for businesses of all shapes and sizes to have some kind of cyber attack prevention plan in place. The National Cyber Security Alliance recommends a top-down approach – where corporate management leads the way in promoting and prioritising cyber security best practices across the business.
How to create a robust cyber security plan:
1. Assess your company’s current strengths & weaknesses and identify the threats.
2. Undertake risk analysis to work out the specific threats related to your business.
3. Assess what would happen in the case of an attack; how would your business cope?
1. Work out what to do in the event of a cyber security breach in all forms; phishing attacks, ransomware attacks, and malware attacks.
2. Identify what you would need to do to contain or rectify the attack
3. Determine what, and how many, resources this would require
Protect your business from cyber security attacks by covering the 10 basics straight away:
10 Steps To Cyber Security
1. Use strong passwords (and require employees to do so)
2. Control access for employees
3. Use a firewall for best cyber security management
4. Install computer security software like anti-spyware, anti-virus and anti-malware
5. Always update programs to give yourself the best computer security
6. Encrypt your business data
7. Regularly back up all information
8. Monitor the use of all equipment and IT systems
9. Educate your employees / raise awareness of cyber security
10. Frequently submit your cyber security plan to audits - stay up-to-date with cyber security developments
As well as educating your employees on the importance of cyber security, it’s important to make sure everyone is aware of the dangers, and of what to do in a crisis. Most importantly, make sure your tech team is equipped to deal with cyber crime, if an attack were to happen to your business.
Try a ‘cyber security for beginners' course to help your employees understand the risks and implications of sharing data.
As an employer, you need to know how to protect your business from cyber crime; by creating an actionable cyber defence plan, educating your employees and remaining diligent.
Let us know how your business is building a cyber security strategy.
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